Signs of High Blood Sugar: Stop It Before Diabetes Takes Over
Medical experts explain that high blood sugar is one of the most troublesome diseases of the 21st century. Despite the fact that majority people consider that eating chocolates and sweets causes high blood sugar, scientists say that sugar is contained in almost any product sold on the market, including white flour and white flour-based products, sodas etc.
It is worrisome problem that today even children suffer from diabetes, and this medical condition occurs as a result of unhealthy diet and lifestyle, which includes bad eating habits. The diabetes treatment plan includes control of sugar levels in the blood.
Below we are going to write about the causes and signs that indicate high blood sugar. If you experience any of these symptoms it is extremely important to visit a doctor and get a diagnosis and a proper treatment.
What are high blood sugar levels?
In order to define what classifies as high blood sugar levels, it is important to write about the normal levels of blood sugar. It is important to mention that these numbers refer to people who are not suffering from diabetes.
The normal blood sugar can be divided into three groups: fasting, before meals and after meals. Namely, the normal fasting blood sugar level after waking up should be under 100 mg/dl. The normal level of the before-meal blood sugar is between 70 and 99 mg/dl. About two hours after a meal, the blood sugar level should be less than 140 mg/dl.
There are two types of high blood sugar:
If the levels of blood sugar in above 130 mg/dl after waking up, before meals, or after not eating or drinking anything for 8 hours, it is considered that the patient has fasting hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).
Postprandial (after a meal) hyperglycemia is when the sugar levels of the patient are higher than 180 mg/dl two hours after the meal.
Medical experts explain that from time to time, for instance after a big, fatty meal, the person may have high blood sugar, but constantly high blood sugar level are not normal condition. It is important to highlight that constant hyperglycemia can cause damage of the blood vessels, the organs as well as the nerves. Doctors warn that diabetes type 2 is a potentially deadly condition.
The signs that indicate high blood sugar can be divided into two groups: mild high blood sugar symptoms and severe high blood sugar symptoms.
The mild symptoms include increased thirst, increased urination, fatigue, increased appetite, weight loss, dry mouth and dry skin, while severe high blood sugar symptoms include extreme thirst, blurred vision, fast heart rate, hot, itchy and dry skin, drowsiness, belly pain, weak pulse and fruity breath odor.
Read on, as below we will explain the signs of high blood sugar:
- Excessive urination
One of the most common symptoms that indicate high blood sugar is excessive urination. The medical name “polyuria” refers to excess urination that happens as a chain reaction to the two other symptoms. This process starts in the blood, as a result of high blood concentration. Namely, the intracellular fluids are pulled into the bloodstream and this actually is a reaction of the organism in which the body is trying to balance the concentration of glucose. The body dilutes the blood and concentration of glucose is brought to normal. This increases the volume of fluid in the blood and as a result of that, the kidneys cannot work properly and they start discharging large amounts of urine. In other words, the cells are pumping water into the bloodstream, and the organ that has the ability to reabsorb that fluid (the kidneys) is not working properly. As a result of this process, the patient has an urge to urinate.
Medical experts explain that normal urine output is 1.5 quarts per day, while excessive urination is classified as more than 2.5 quarts per a day. This doesn’t refer to individuals who drink a lot of water on a daily basis.
- Excessive thirst
As it is mentioned above, as a result of high blood sugar levels, a chain reaction in the body occurs and urination goes along with thirst and hunger. Due to the fact that the organism is throwing away fluids, you need to replenish those fluids, or otherwise – you will dehydrate. Once you start urinating more and more often, the thirst signals in your brain will be triggered.
Medical experts explain that most of the diabetic patients misunderstand and misinterpret the connection between urination and thirst.
Despite the fact that majority people consider that urination is a result of thirst, the organism works the other way around.
- Excessive hunger
One of the early warning signs of high blood sugar levels is excessive hunger. At diabetic patients, the hunger occurs as a result of a low insulin levels.
It is important to mention that there are two types of low insulin levels. Namely, patients who have diabetes type 1 experience an absolute shortage of insulin, while the patients who suffer from diabetes type 2 experience a relative shortage of insulin.
Insulin is in charge for moving the glucose molecules from the bloodstream to the cells. When there isn’t enough insulin, the organism lacks energy and fuel for the processes and as a result of that, the cells start sending hunger signals to the brain via several hormones. The cells cannot understand that there is more than enough glucose in the bloodstream, but due to the lack of insulin, they cannot access it.
- Weight loss
Doctors explain that there are three reasons why people are losing weight: excessive urination, low insulin levels and if the urine is rich with glucose.
Excessive urination results in a low level of fluids in the body and as a result of that, the patient loses weight. The same thing happens when the patient gets a diuretic.
As a result of low insulin levels, the organism switches to burning fat more rapidly and as it is expected: the fat the organism burns, the more weight the person loses.
The third reason for losing weight is urine is rich with glucose, or in other words: you pee the calories.
- Slow healing of wounds and cuts
The healing processes of the skin are slowed down as a result of high blood sugar levels. Neutrophils are one of the tools of the organism that fights against diseases, and these white blood cells are vulnerable to high blood sugar. Namely, the neutrophils are leukocytes that human organism uses in fight against infections as well as injuries. High levels of sugar in the blood disrupt the control system that signals the brain to send neutrophils to the injury.
Lack of oxygen is another factor that slows down the process of healing of the wounds. Nerve damage and blood vessel disease reduce the delivery of oxygen, which slows down the healing process.
- Dry and itchy skin
Proper hydration is essential for the overall health, including a healthy skin. Excessive urination dehydrates the entire organism and as a result of that, the skin tissues start drying out. In addition to that, patients with high glucose levels have poor circulation which causes nerve damage. Namely, the nerve damage disrupts the normal operation and functioning of the sweat glands, and these glands actually are the natural moisturizers of the human skin.
The human brain cannot function properly if there is lack of oxygen, blood or nutrients. We already mention that dehydration causes cell starvation and starving cells can’t access the glucose in the bloodstream. As a result of that, the patient experiences headaches.
The fact that should be mentioned is that human brain devours almost ¼ of the glucose that the person consumes. So, the brain has difficulties in accessing the fuel and as a result of that, the brain function is reduced. This will result in difficulties to stay focused, and the person cannot finish even the simplest tasks such as thinking, remembering or reasoning.
Fatigue and tiredness are side-effects of dehydration. In order to function properly, the organism needs energy and if the body doesn’t produce enough energy it will start dying. As we mentioned above, constant and excessive urination are another signs of diabetes, and the patient can’t sleep properly. This will result in even less energy and the patient will start feeling more tired than ever.
- Blurred vision
Excessive urination causes blurred vision because the organism tries to dilute the blood by pulling fluids from the cells. Well, the vision becomes blurred because this process mostly occurs through the cells of the eyes. This dries out the lens in the eyes and as a result of that, they become temporarily warped. Eventually, the eyes lose their ability to focus properly.
Medical experts explain that if you ignore the warning signs, the chronic high blood sugar levels can lead to retinopathy (damage to the back of the eye) a medical condition that can lead to blindness.
- Chronic constipation or diarrhea
Constipation and diarrhea are conditions that are caused by high blood sugar levels. Depending on which section of the bowel the sugar affects the patient experiences one of the two conditions: chronic constipation or diarrhea. For instance, if the high glucose levels affect the small intestine, the patient gets diarrhea, but if the glucose levels affect the large intestine, the patient gets constipation.
- Erectile dysfunction
Scientists explain that statistical data showed that men over the age of 50 are extremely prone to erectile dysfunction and even half of them suffer from the condition.
Healthy nerves and blood flow, as well as right balance of hormones are crucial for a healthy erection. In order words, the organism has to fulfill a number of hydraulic processes and events in order to get an erection. As a result of that, the penis becomes filled with blood and in order to keep the blood trapped inside the penis, even more processes are necessary. This process is impossible if the patient has high blood sugar levels.
Patients who have diabetes are known to be irritable. Scientists haven’t documented and understood the reasons for mood swings at diabetic patients, but there are several theories that explain the irritability. People who are living with diabetics explain that these persons have mood changes and irritability.
What can you do?
All of the above-mentioned signs actually are warning you that the patient need to make changes in the lifestyle. By ignoring the signs, high blood sugar levels can cause severe and permanent damage of the organism.
The best and safest way to cure diabetes is to prevent it. Namely, if you notice any of the warning signs listed and explained above, you should make lifestyle changes:
- Start exercising on a regular basis (at least 2-3 times a week)
- Control the carb intake
- Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated
- Eat foods with a low glycemic index. Next time before you buy some product, first check the label. Additionally, increase the fiber intake to improve the digestion
Try to control stress levels. According tom some experts, the stress eating is one of the most common causes of high sugar levels in the blood.