According to statistical data, in the USA even 1 out of 8 women have thyroid gland disease and half of them are not aware of that. Scientists explain that more than 90% of the patients, who have some thyroid disorder, are suffering from hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland).

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that secretes thyroid hormones which are in charge for regulation of many body functions, including metabolic rate and protein synthesis. In other words, proper functioning of gland is closely connected with the entire organism. So, if the thyroid is not functioning normally, your body cannot work properly, as well.

The thyroid secretes hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) into the bloodstream which regulate the main body functions: body temperature, energy consumption, heart rate, normal development, normal sexual function, sleep, etc.

Hypothyroidism symptoms (excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland):

Tiredness and exhaustion even after 8-10 hours of good sleep during the night;

Excessive weight gain, difficulties to lose weight or fluid retention;

– Muscle weakness and joint pain as well as muscle cramps and carpal tunnel syndrome;

Hormonal imbalances: irregular menstruation, pronounced pre menstrual states, and/or sporadic and low libido;

Problems with the mental state (most patients experience emotional episodes, anxiety or depression);

Intolerance to cold: patients feel that their hands and feet are cold even when other people don’t feel cold;

Dry and/or thickened skin, unusual patterns of hair loss in men, brittle nails;

Constipation;

Impaired memory, foggy, difficulties to concentrate;

– Throat swelling, snoring or unusual voice.

Hyperthyroidism symptoms (underactive thyroid gland that does not produce enough thyroid hormone):

Tachycardia (an abnormally rapid heart rate)

Muscle weakness

Goiter (a swelling of the neck that appears as a result of enlargement of the thyroid gland)

Sleep disturbance and changes in the sleeping patterns

Irritability, short temper, grumpiness

Most of the patients who have thyroid disorder ignore these symptoms or simply attribute them to chronic stress. However, you should never neglect these warning signs and symptoms.

If you experience any of the above-mentioned signs and if you suspect that you have some thyroid condition, you need to visit an endocrinologist and get diagnosis and a medical treatment.